Electromechanical Simulation of Helicopter Blade Responses to Random Excitation During Forward Flight

[+] Author and Article Information
D. D. Kana, Wen-Hwa Chu

Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Tex.

J. Eng. Ind 96(2), 405-410 (May 01, 1974) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3438344 History: Received June 06, 1973; Online July 15, 2010


The response of a model helicopter rotor blade to random excitation while in simulated forward flight is studied analytically and experimentally by means of an electromechanical apparatus. Generalized transfer functions are defined which relate steady-state responses in bending, flapping, and torsion modes to a sine input. Responses occur at the input and side-band frequencies. These transfer functions are then used along with excitation power spectra to predict the nonstationary time-averaged power spectrum of the response. Validity of the transfer function analysis is investigated by means of the electromechanical model which includes analog computer simulation of the interaction of blade deflections and aerodynamic load. Generalized transfer functions are measured for sinusoidal excitation. They are then used with measured excitation power spectra to predict the response, and the result is compared with measured response power spectra. Agreement is generally good for low advance ratio, but discrepancies diverge with increasing advance ratio.

Copyright © 1974 by ASME
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