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RESEARCH PAPERS: Other Technical Papers

Calculation of Residual Stresses in Plastic Deformation Processes

[+] Author and Article Information
C. H. Lee, H. Iwasaki

Himeji Institute of Technology, Hyogo-ken, Japan

S. Kobayashi

Mechanical Engineering Department, University of California, Berkeley, Calif.

J. Eng. Ind 95(1), 283-291 (Feb 01, 1973) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3438124 History: Received June 07, 1972; Online July 15, 2010

Abstract

Three problems, namely, autofrettage process, plastic upsetting of a solid cylinder, and plane-strain and axisymmetric extrusion, are treated for residual stress calculation. A thick-walled cylinder consisting of two loosely fitted concentric cylinders of different materials is subjected to various levels of internal pressure. The residual stresses were calculated with an emphasis on the case where the inner surface of the cylinder yields again upon removal of the internal pressure. Comparison between the calculations and the measurements is given. The residual stresses in plastic upsetting of a solid cylinder were calculated by the finite-element method. An attempt was also made to simulate the real situation in extrusion by the finite-element method. An estimation of the residual stress distribution is then discussed for axisymmetric extrusion problems.

Copyright © 1973 by ASME
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