This work presents a novel lensed plastic optical fiber (POF), efficiently coupled with a light source. A convexo-concave plastic lens (CCPL) was bound to a flat-end plastic optical fiber using laser transmission welding (LTW) to form a convexo-concave-shaped fiber endface (CCSFE). The novel lensed plastic optical fiber has a longer working distance and a higher coupling efficiency than conventional lensed plastic optical fibers. 850 nm fiber is often used in high-power 2.5 Gb/s transmission rate. Experimental POF is perfluorinated POF, 62.5–500 μm diameter, 850∼1300 μm wavelength, 10 dB/km power loss rate, 2.5 Gb/s transmission rate. Because of the small diameter of POF, it is difficult to couple between the light source and POF. Therefore, it is important to develop a lensed fiber structure to increase the coupling efficiency. Experiments indicate that the coupling efficiency between a laser diode at a wavelength of 850 nm and a graded-index POF is as high as 85% with a long working distance of 250 μm. The measured tolerance, in relation to the lateral and vertical displacements and tilt, are satisfactory for practical active alignment.