Analysis of Oblique Cutting Forces

[+] Author and Article Information
Russell F. Henke

Product Development Department, The Cincinnati Milling Machine Company, Cincinnati, Ohio

J. Eng. Ind 89(2), 347-355 (May 01, 1967) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3610051 History: Received August 01, 1966; Online August 25, 2011


This paper is the latest of a continuing series on the subject of self-excited machine tool chatter. The representation of the metal cutting process as required by the previously developed closed-loop chatter theory is extended to oblique cutting with tools of practical shape and geometry. The cutting process parameters essential to proper application of the stability theory are found by an analytical formulation leading to a classical eigenvalue problem. Techniques are developed to determine the steady-state constant of proportionality between resultant cutting force and uncut chip area, the direction of resultant cutting force, and the direction of maximum cutting stiffness for any single-point cutting operation. In the process, a general method to predict steady-state oblique cutting forces is evolved. The method depends on certain experimentally justifiable assumptions and utilizes previously compiled orthogonal cutting data.

Copyright © 1967 by ASME
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