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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Adaptive Influence Coefficient Control of Single-Plane Active Balancing Systems for Rotating Machinery

[+] Author and Article Information
Stephen W. Dyer

BalaDyne Corporation, Ann Arbor, MI 48108-2254

Jun Ni

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2136

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 123(2), 291-298 (Feb 01, 2000) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1349554 History: Received June 01, 1999; Accepted February 01, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

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Lum,  K., Bernstein,  D. S., and Coppola,  V. T., 1996, “Adaptive Autocentering Control For An Active Magnetic Bearing Supporting A Rotor With Unknown Mass Imbalance,” IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, 4, No. 5, pp. 587–597.
Bovik,  P., and Hogfors,  C., 1986, “Autobalancing of Rotors,” J. Sound Vib., 111, No. 3, pp. 429–440.
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Van de Vegte,  J., and Lake,  R. T., 1978, “Balancing of Rotating Systems During Operation,” J. Sound Vib., 57, No. 2, pp. 225–235.
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Lee,  C. W., Joh,  Y. D., and Kim,  Y. D., 1990, “Automatic Modal Balancing of Flexible Rotors During Operation: Computer Controlled Balancing Head,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., 204, pp. 19–25.
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Figures

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Schematic of active balancing system for high-speed machining spindles
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Vibration error signal demodulated to obtain the shaft rotation-synchronous frequency phasor
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Single-plane active balancing control stable for all values of (αc/c⁁) falling within the unit circle in the right half complex plane (R<1)
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Influence coefficient estimation performance for various values of the β “Forgetting Factor”
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Adaptive influence coefficient control block diagram
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Flow chart of experimental single-plane active balancing control system
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Experimental setup of single plane active balancing system on test spindle 2 mounted in a high-speed machining center
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Measured spindle housing vibration during active balancing of nonlinear system
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Measured time-frequency spectrum of spindle housing vibration showing broadband effect of active balancing of nonlinear system
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Measured spindle housing vibration during single-plane adaptive active balancing with inaccurate initial influence coefficient estimate
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Measured spindle housing vibration during single-plane active balancing after adaptive system “learning”
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Measured spindle housing vibration before and after adaptive active balancing at various spindle speeds (70 g-mm unbalance at tool tip)

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