Experiments on Room-Temperature Nernst-Ettingshausen Refrigerators

[+] Author and Article Information
T. C. Harman, J. M. Honig, S. Fischler, A. E. Paladino, M. J. Button

Lincoln Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lexington, Mass.

J. Eng. Ind 87(1), 21-24 (Feb 01, 1965) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3670752 History: Received June 04, 1964; Online December 08, 2011


Cooling experiments with a (transverse) Nernst-Ettingshausen NE refrigerator using properly oriented and shaped single crystals of pure bismuth are described. By cooling the hot junction Th of the specially designed refrigerator with flowing water, temperatures as low as 191 K were achieved at the cold surface while maintaining the warm surface at 279 K. Measurements were carried out for various values of the electrical current up to 85 amp and various values of the magnetic field up to 90 kilogauss. The experimental results were found to be essentially in accord with the theory concerning the operating characteristics of shaped devices. Since the temperature difference occurred across a 5-mm distance, an average temperature gradient of 170 deg K/cm was calculated.

Copyright © 1965 by ASME
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