A Study on the Relationships Between Static/Dynamic Cutting Force Components and Tool Wear

[+] Author and Article Information
Jae-Woong Youn

School of Automotive, Industrial, and Mechanical Engineering, Taegu University, 15 Naeri Jinryang Kyungsan, Kyungbuk 712-714, Korea

Min-Yang Yang

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 373-1 Kusong-dong Yusong-gu, Taejon 305-701, Korea

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 123(2), 196-205 (Aug 01, 2000) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1362321 History: Received October 01, 1998; Revised August 01, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
Topics: Force , Wear , Cutting , Machining
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Boothroyd, G., 1975, Fundamentals of Metal Machining and Machine Tools, McGraw-Hill Book Co.
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Lister, D. M., and Barrow, G., 1986, “Tool Condition Monitoring Systems,” Proc. 26th Int. Machine Tool Design and Research Conf., p. 271.
Colwell,  L. V., 1974, “Tracking Tool Deterioration by Computer (During Actual Machining),” CIRP Ann., 23, No. 1, p. 29.
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Yellowley,  I., and Lai,  C. T., 1993, “The Use of Force Ratios In the Tracking of Tool Wear in Turning,” ASME J. Eng. Ind. 115, No. 3, p. 370.
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Emel,  E., and Kannatey-Asibu,  E. , 1989, “Acoustic Emission and Force Sensor Fusion for Monitoring the Cutting Process,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., 31, No. 11/12, p. 795.
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Comparison of cutting forces and normalized cutting forces (a) increase in wear-land width (b) increase in cutting speed
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The disparities of the normalized cutting force (a) constant force loci (b) force disparities in the normalized force plane
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Variations of the normalized force in the different cutting conditions
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Chip segmentation signal in the feed force component (a) raw force signal in the loose chip formation (chip length<20 mm) (b) filtering scheme (c) filtered feed force
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Cutting force fluctuation due to the crater wear (a) photograph of rake face (b) rear face images of machined chip (c) power spectrum of feed force (d) cutting force components
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Dynamic cutting forces in the low feedrate (a) without crater wear (b) crater wear
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Normalized disparities in the different feedrate (a) feedrate : 0.05 mm/rev (b) feedrate : 0.25 mm/rev
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Variations of the normalized disparities with the growth of flank wear
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Monitoring results of crater wear
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Fluctuations of dynamic cutting force (a) sharp tool (b) crater-worn-tool, KT=0.1 mm (change in feedrate) (c) crater-worn-tool, KT=0.1 mm (change in depth of cut)




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