The Influence of Extreme Speeds and Rake Angles in Metal Cutting

[+] Author and Article Information
W. N. Findley, R. M. Reed

Brown University, Providence, R. I.

J. Eng. Ind 85(1), 49-64 (Feb 01, 1963) (16 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3667587 History: Received February 06, 1962; Online December 09, 2011


A study is presented of the effect of wide variations in speed of cutting and rake angle on orthogonal cutting of several metals—mainly a lead-antimony alloy. It was observed that enormous decreases in tool forces occurred in the lead-antimony with increase in speed from 6 to 3800 fpm, and decrease in rake angle from +30° to −60°. Explanations for these variations are proposed. An unusual observation was that a transition as speed increased from continuous to discontinuous chips occurred at large negative rake angles. Possible causes of this behavior are discussed. Another unusual observation was that a steep rise in tool force occurred with increase in speed for rake angles of 0° and +30°. The rise to a peak value was followed by an equally steep decrease in tool forces. Other observations discussed include the appearance of side spikes on the chips, chip curl, lateral extrusion of chips, influence of normal stress occurring on the shear plane, and the apparent coefficient of friction.

Copyright © 1963 by ASME
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