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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Ingredient-Wise Study of Flux Characteristics in the Ceramic Membrane Filtration of Uncontaminated Synthetic Metalworking Fluids, Part 1: Experimental Investigation of Flux Decline

[+] Author and Article Information
Steven J. Skerlos, Richard E. DeVor, Shiv G. Kapoor

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801

N. Rajagopalan

Illinois Waste Management and Research Center, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801

V. Don Angspatt

IRMCO Advanced Lubricant Technologies, Evanston, IL 60201

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 122(4), 739-745 (Nov 01, 1999) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1286132 History: Received March 01, 1999; Revised November 01, 1999
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

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Skerlos, S. J., DeVor, R. E., and Kapoor, S. G., 1998, “Environmentally Conscious Disposal Considerations in Cutting Fluid Selection,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, in Lee, J., ed., Proceedings of the ASME: Manufacturing Science and Engineering Division, Anaheim, CA, 8 , pp. 397–403.
NIOSH, 1998, Criteria for a Recommended Standard: Occupational Exposure to Metalworking Fluids, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati.
Aronson,  R. B., 1995, “Why Dry Machining,” Manuf. Eng., 114, No. 1, pp. 33–36.
Byers, J. P. ed., 1994, Metalworking Fluids, J.P.B., ed., Marcel Dekker, New York.
ILMA, 1990, Waste Minimization and Wastewater Treatment of Metalworking Fluids, Independent Lubricant Manufacturers Association.
Lahiere,  R. J., and Goodboy,  K. P., 1993, “Ceramic Membrane Treatment of Petrochemical Wastewater,” Environ. Prog. ,12, pp. 86–96.
Sato,  H., 1996, “Cross-Flow Filtration of Machining Fluids by Microfiltration Membranes (Influence of Chip Size on Permeation Flux),” JSME Int. J., 39, pp. 636–644.
Mahdi,  S. M., and Sköld,  R. O., 1991, “Experimental Study of Membrane Filtration for the Recycling of Synthetic Water-Based Metalworking Fluids,” Tribol. Int., 24, pp. 389–395.
Mahdi,  S. M., and Sköld,  R. O., 1991, “Ultrafiltration for the Recycling of a Model Waterbased Metalworking Fluid: Process Design Considerations,” Lubr. Eng., 47, pp. 686–690.
Sköld,  R. O., 1991, “Field Testing of a Model Waterbased Metalworking Fluid Designed for Continuous Recycling Using Ultrafiltration,” Lubr. Eng., 47, pp. 653–659.
Mahdi,  S. M., and Sköld,  R. O., 1990, “Surface Chemistry Aspects on the Use of Ultrafiltration for the Recycling of Waterbased Synthetic Metalworking Fluids: Components Studies,” J. Dispers. Sci. Technol. ,11, pp. 1–30.
Cheryan, M., 1986, Ultrafiltration Handbook, Technomic, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Bhave, R. R., 1991, Inorganic Membranes: Synthesis Characteristics and Applications, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
Ho, W. S. W., and Sirkar, K. K., 1992, Membrane Handbook, W.S.W.H., K.K.S., eds., Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
Rushton, A., 1985, Mathematical Models and Design Methods in Solid-Liquid Separation, A.R., ed., Martinus Nijhoff, Boston, MA.
Dean, J. A., 1985, Lange’s Handbook of Chemistry, J.A.D., ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.

Figures

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Membrane filtration concept and schematic for Membrane Filtration Hardware Testbed (MFHT). The testbed is designed to assess membrane filters and metalworking fluids for their compatibility in recycling applications.
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Flux vs. time of synthetic MWF in ceramic membrane at 15, 25, and 40 psi (A1–A6)
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Specialty additive flux vs. time. Flux measured at 40 psi.
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Lubricant additive and defoamer addition to mixture of base fluid and 2 biocides and comparison to flux of full synthetic fluid (A10–A12). Pressure held to 40 psi.
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Fluxes of full base fluid and single ingredients in separate experiments before and after membrane exposure to specialty additives (A22–A27, C2–C7)
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Comparison of 40 psi flux vs. time data for full synthetic fluid with new membrane (A1, A4, A8) and with membrane exposed to specialty additives (A28)

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