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TECHNICAL PAPERS

An Investigation of Material Removal Mechanisms in Lapping with Grain Size Transition

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. P. Chang

IBM, San Jose, CA 95113

M. Hashimura

Nippon Steel Corp., Sapporo, Japan

D. A. Dornfeld

Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 122(3), 413-419 (Jan 01, 2000) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1286471 History: Received December 01, 1997; Revised January 01, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Samuels, L. E., 1982, Metallographic Polishing by Mechanical Methods, American Society for Metals, Chap. 3.
Buijs,  M., and Korpel-van Houton,  K., 1993, “A Model for Lapping of Glass,” J. Mater. Sci., 28, pp. 3014–3020.
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Williams,  J. A., and Hyncica,  A. M., 1992, “Mechanisms of Abrasive Wear in Lubricated Contacts,” Wear, 152, pp. 57–74.
Imanaka,  O., 1966, “Lapping Mechanisms of Glass—Especially on Roughness of Lapped Surface,” CIRP, 13, pp. 227–233.
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Marshall, D. B., and Lawn, B. R., 1986, “Indentation of Brittle Materials,” Microindentation Technology in Materials Science and Engineering, ASTM STP 889, Blau, P. J., and Lawn, B. R., eds., ASTM, pp. 26–46.
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Fang,  L., Kong,  X. L., Su,  J. Y., and Zhou,  Q. D., 1993, “Movement Patterns of Abrasive Particles in Three-Body Abrasion,” Wear, 162–164, pp. 782–789.
Ronen,  A., and Malkin,  S., 1981, “Wear Mechanisms of Statically Loaded Hydrodynamic Bearings by Contaminant Abrasive Particles,” Wear, 68, pp. 371–389.
Broeder,  J. J., and Heijnekamp,  J. W., 1965–1966, “Abrasive Wear of Journal Bearings by Particles in The Oil,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., 180, pp. 21–31.
Lawn,  B. R., Jensen,  T., and Arora,  A., 1976, “Brittleness as an Indentation Size Effect,” J. Mater. Sci., 11, pp. 199–205.
Toh, S. B., and McPerson, R., 1986, “Fine Scale Abrasive Wear of Ceramics by a Plastic Cutting Process,” Science of Hard Materials, Inst. Physics Conf. Serf., No. 75, Chap. 9, Adam Hilger Ltd., pp. 865–871.
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Moore,  M. A., and King,  F. S., 1980, “Abrasive Wear of Brittle Solids,” Wear, 60, pp. 123–140.
Lawn,  B. R., Evans,  A. G., and Marshall,  D. B., 1980, “Elastic/Plastic Indentation Damage in Ceramics: The Median/Radical Crack System,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 63, Nos. 9–10, pp. 574–581.
Marshall,  D. B., Lawn,  B. R., and Evans,  A. G., 1982, “Elastic/Plastic Indentation Damage in Ceramics: The Lateral Crack System,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 65, No. 11, pp. 561–566.
Phillips,  K., Crimes,  G. M., and Wilshaw,  T. R., 1977, “On the Mechanism of Material Removal by Free Abrasive Grinding of Glass and Fused Silica,” Wear, 41, pp. 327–350.
Yoshioka,  M., 1994, “Simulation of Time-Dependent Distribution of Abrasive Grain Size in Lapping,” J. JSPE 60, No. 10, pp. 1439–1443.

Figures

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Lapping experiment setup
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Modes of abrasive-work interaction
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Two dimensional abrasive shape used in 4
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Median and lateral cracks under an indenter 1617
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Machining states in the lapping processes
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Interaction among work, plate, and abrasive
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Assumed abrasive size distribution 5
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SEM pictures of lap plate with abrasives
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Distributions of abrasive size at different machining time (sample size: N15=62,N90=101,N180=100,N250=100)
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Theoretical and actual material removal rate (abrasive tip angle, ψ)

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