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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Temperature Measurement of Workpieces in Conventional Surface Grinding

[+] Author and Article Information
T. Kato, Hiroshi Fujii

Department of Mechanical and Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1193 Japan

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 122(2), 297-303 (Nov 01, 1998) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.538918 History: Received October 01, 1995; Revised November 01, 1998
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Backer,  R. W., Marshall,  E. R., and Shaw,  M. C., 1952, “The Size Effect in Metal Cutting,” Trans. ASME, 74, pp. 61–72.
Snoeys,  R., Maris,  M., and Peters,  J., 1978, “Thermally Induced Damage in Grinding,” CIRP Ann., 27, pp. 571–581.
Kovach,  J. A., and Malkin,  S., 1988, “Thermally Induced Grinding Damage in Superalloy Materials,” CIRP Ann., 37, pp. 309–313.
Littman,  W. E., and Wulff,  J., 1955, “The Influence of the Grinding Process on the Structure of Hardened Steel,” Trans. ASME, 47, pp. 692–714.
Sauer, W. J., 1972, “Thermal Aspect of Surface Grinding,” New Developments in Grinding, Proc. International Grinding Conference, Carnegie Press, pp. 391–411.
Kohli,  S., Guo,  C., and Malkin,  S., 1995, “Energy Partition to the Workpiece for Grinding with Aluminum Oxide and CBN Abrasive Wheels,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., 117, pp. 160–168.
Ueda,  T., Hosokawa,  A., and Yamamoto,  A., 1986, “Measurement of Grinding Temperature Using Infrared Radiation Pyrometer With Optical Fiber,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., 108, pp. 247–251.
Hebbar,  Rajadasa R., Chandrasekar,  S., and Farris,  T. N., 1992, “Ceramic Grinding Temperatures,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 75, pp. 2742–2748.
Zhu,  B., Guo,  C., Sunderland,  J. E., and Malkin,  S., 1995, “Energy Partition to the Workpiece for Grinding of Ceramics,” CIRP Ann., 44, pp. 267–271.
Kato,  T., and Fujii,  H., 1997, “Temperature Measurement of Workpiece in Surface Grinding by PVD Film Method,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., 119, pp. 689–694.
Kobayashi, K., et al., 1990, Thermophysical Properties Handbook, Yohkendoh, Tokyo, pp. 19–21.
Jaeger,  J. C., 1942, “Moving Sources of Heat and the Temperature at Sliding Contacts,” Proc. R. Soc. New South Wales, 76, pp. 203–224.
Takazawa,  K., 1966, “Effects of Grinding Variables on Surface Structure of Hardened Steels,” Bull. Jpn. Soc. Prec. Eng., 2, pp. 14–21.
Colwell,  L. V., Sinnott,  M. J., and Tobin,  J. C., 1955, “The Determination of Residual Stresses in Hardened, Ground Steel,” Trans. ASME, 77, pp. 1099–1105.
Mishra, A., Rao, U. R. K., and Natarajan, R., 1977, “An Analytical Approach to the Determination of Residual Stresses in Surface Grinding,” Proceedings, International Conference on Production Engineering, Inst. Mech. Engrs. (India), pp. VI–40.

Figures

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Residual stress measurement
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Moving heat source model
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Photomicrograph of PVD film deposited on the workpiece after grinding test (film material: Bismuth, melting point: 545 K, Vw=25 mm/s,a=0.02 mm,Vs=27.5 m/s)
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Temperature distribution in the workpiece for different work speeds (a=0.02 mm,Vs=27.5 m/s)
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Temperature distribution in the workpiece for different depths of out (Vw=50 mm/s,Vs=27.5 m/s)
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Temperature distribution in the workpiece for different wheel speeds (Vw=50 mm/s,a=0.02 mm)
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Temperature distribution in the workpiece (Vw=50 mm/s,a=0.02 mm,Vs=27.5 m/s)
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Maximum temperature rise and grinding energy versus work speed (Vs=27.5 m/s,a=0.02 mm)
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Residual stress at the surface versus temperature gradient at the surface
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Residual stress at the surface versus maximum temperature rise at the surface
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Residual stress distribution for different wheel speed (Vw=50 mm/s,a=0.02 mm)
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Residual stress distribution for different depth of cut (Vs=27.5 m/s,Vw=50 mm/s)
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Residual stress distribution for different work speed (Vs=27.5 m/s,a=0.02 mm)
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Coefficient β versus parameter α−0.63Vw0.63lc−0.37
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Maximum temperature rise and grinding energy versus wheel speed (Vw=50 mm/s,s=0.02 mm)
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Maximum temperature rise and grinding energy versus depth of cut (Vs=27.5 m/s,Vw=50 mm/s)
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Experimental set up for grinding test

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