Automated Deburring with a Filamentary Brush: Prescribed Burr Geometry

[+] Author and Article Information
Robert J. Stango, Vikram Cariapa

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Marquette University, 1515 W. Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53233

Lienjing Chen

United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT 06108

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 121(3), 385-392 (Aug 01, 1999) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2832693 History: Received November 01, 1997; Revised July 01, 1998; Online January 17, 2008


In this paper, a dynamic model for removal of edge burrs with a compliant brushing tool is reported. Description of the burr geometry is assumed to be known through on-line measurement methods such as a computer vision system in the flexible manufacturing cell. Dynamic response of the brush/workpiece system is evaluated on the basis of experimentally obtained data. Master Curves are introduced as machining descriptors which characterize the incremental burr removal performance of the brush/workpiece system, leading to the development of an analytical dynamic model for orthogonal burr removal using a finite-width brushing tool. Based upon the dynamic model for material removal, a control strategy for automatic deburring is presented for burr configurations having constant height as well as variable height. A closed-form solution for transverse brush feed rate is obtained which is applicable for removal of burrs having variable height, as described by suitable geometry functions. For illustrative purposes, simulations are carried out for a straight-edge burr profile and sinusoidal burr geometry. Results are reported which identify important relationships among brush feed rate, brush penetration depth, and brush rotational speed. In order to help assess the validity of the proposed analytical model and control strategy, experimental results are reported for a combination ramp/straight-edge burr configuration. The results demonstrate generally good correlation between the predicted and actual profile for the edge burr that has been machined. In addition, some important observations include; (1) burr removal is most rapidly carried out by using the highest brush speed and deepest brush/workpiece penetration depth, subject to the condition that the brush fiber is not damaged, (2) Currently available polymer abrasive brushing tools exhibit very slow machining characteristics and must be improved in order to be used in a production environment where burr size is appreciable, (3) Material removal characteristics of the leading and trailing edge of brushes may be a source of error which merits further investigation.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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