Prediction of Ductile Fracture in Cold Forging of Aluminum Alloy

[+] Author and Article Information
Hong-Seok Kim, Yong-Taek Im

Computer Aided Materials Processing Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 373-1, Kusung-dong, Yusong-gu, Taejon, 305-701, South Korea

Manfred Geiger

LFT, University of Erlangen—Nuernberg, D-91058, Erlangen, Germany

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 121(3), 336-344 (Aug 01, 1999) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2832686 History: Received August 01, 1997; Revised June 01, 1998; Online January 17, 2008


In this paper, the limitation and applicability of the ductile fracture criteria based on a work hypothesis and Cockcroft and Latham were investigated. For this purpose, experimental and numerical investigations for simple upsetting were conducted for aluminum alloys Al1100-O, Al2024-T3, Al6061-T4, and Al7075-T4. As a result, the fracture mode of each alloy was observed. The study was extended for pin-shape cold forging of Al1100-O and Al6061-T4 to compare the likeliness of fracturing according to two criteria. Based on experimental data of simple upsetting, the damage factors for the same two criteria were calculated by adopting rigid-viscoplastic finite element analysis. With this approach, the prediction of surface cracking was attempted by comparing the calculated limiting damage factors between simple upsetting and pin-shape forging. It was observed in simple upsetting that Cockcroft and Latham’s criterion gave a more reasonable prediction for crack initiation site than work hypothesis, but the limiting damage factors differ depending on the process. In spite of the differences, however, Cockcroft and Latham’s criterion might be useful in designing upsetting-like cold forging processes in which the influence of the induced circumferential tensile stress on failure is dominant.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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