Dimensional Measurement Data Analysis, Part 2: Minimum Zone Evaluation

[+] Author and Article Information
W. Choi

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA

T. R. Kurfess

The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 121(2), 246-250 (May 01, 1999) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2831212 History: Received June 01, 1996; Revised January 01, 1998; Online January 17, 2008


Modern inspection systems such as coordinate measurement machines generate discrete three dimensional coordinates representing points from the surface of a manufactured part. These coordinates must be compared to a target or nominal geometry to determine if the part conforms to specification. Quite often a least squares fit or a min-max fit are employed to determine the part geometry. However, as described in Part 1 of this paper, acceptable deviations are often specified as tolerance zones about the nominal geometry. Part 1 of this paper presents a zone fitting algorithm having an objective of placing the sampled data points within a specified tolerance zone. If all of the points fit within the zone, the part is passed. This pass/fail result does not provide information as to the quality of the part. The question that is not answered is “Did the points just fit into the tolerance zone, or did the points fit with ample space remaining?” This question is important as it informs production personnel whether their processes are operating well within specifications or just barely within specifications. In this part of the paper, the zone fitting method developed in Part 1 of this paper is extended to a minimum zone evaluation. This can be formulated as a one dimensional search for the critical value of the zone fitting objective function. The minimum zone evaluation algorithm developed in this paper can be applied to an arbitrary geometry profile evaluation. A number of examples are presented to demonstrate its capabilities.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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