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Research Papers

Synergizing Product Design Information and Unit Manufacturing Process Analysis to Support Sustainable Engineering Education

[+] Author and Article Information
Kamyar Raoufi

School of Mechanical,
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering,
Oregon State University,
Corvallis, OR 97331
e-mail: raoufik@oregonstate.edu

Sriram Manoharan, Karl R. Haapala

School of Mechanical,
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering,
Oregon State University,
Corvallis, OR 97331

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received May 16, 2018; final manuscript received November 18, 2018; published online December 24, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Sara Behdad.

J. Manuf. Sci. Eng 141(2), 021018 (Dec 24, 2018) (13 pages) Paper No: MANU-18-1336; doi: 10.1115/1.4042077 History: Received May 16, 2018; Revised November 18, 2018

Promoting excellence in sustainable manufacturing has emerged as a strategic mission in academia and industry. In particular, universities must prepare the next generation of engineers to contribute to the task of sustaining and improving manufacturing by providing appropriate types of sustainability education and training. However, engineering curricula are challenged in delivering educational training for assessing technical solutions from the three domains that define sustainability: economic, environmental, and social. In the research presented here, an educational framework is developed with an aim to improve student understanding of sustainable product design (PD) and manufacturing. The framework is founded on the analyze, design, develop, implement, and evaluate (ADDIE) model for instructional design. The developed framework is demonstrated using an example of a sustainable PD activity. This instructional design case study illustrates how engineering students would be able to investigate the impacts of raw materials, unit manufacturing processes, manufacturing locations, and design changes on product sustainability performance by integrating PD information and manufacturing analysis methods during the PD phase.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

UMP model representation [56]

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Fig. 2

Instructional design framework based on ADDIE model

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Fig. 3

Methodology to support sustainable product design and analysis by nonexperts

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Fig. 4

Examples of the selected multicopters for the study

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Fig. 5

Testing with various weights (left), disassembled quadcopter (middle), and CAD models (right)

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Fig. 6

Relations of (a) mass lifted and rotor disk area, (b) blade length and blade width, and (c) mass lifted and mass of the multicopter

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Fig. 7

Relation between mass lifted and mass of the (a) battery, (b) motor, and (c) wires and PCS

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Fig. 8

Carbon footprint (a), cycle time (b), and cost (c) for manufacturing shells and propellers

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